A quick guide to Write a CV


Your CV (Curriculum Vitae) is your foremost marketing tool in your  job search.  It outlines your skills and experience, and helps Hiring Managers and Recruiters  understand how you can contribute to the customers and the team. Investing time in  developing an effective CV is crucial to you securing that coveted interview.

Many employers see the CV as a key document in your application as it helps different stakeholders to understand your background, and offers you an opportunity to  tell your career story.

This guide has been created to help you put together a professional CV that conveys  your motivations, capabilities and achievements.

A quick guide to Write a  CV
A quick guide to Write a  CV


Writing a CV can put us on the spot – reflecting on ourselves and our achievements whilst  distilling months, perhaps years, of hard work into a few sentences can be really tough.

Getting started is almost the hardest part. What am I going to write? How am I going to write it? To help you we have outlined our top-tips to get over the any writers-block.

Just hammer it out, and refine afterwards.

– Instead of getting stuck on technicalities, wording, details and exact dates – simply  start writing out your career history, responsibilities and achievements. Don’t put too  much thought into it, build out a list, and once you have a broad outline you can select  and refine the most relevant examples.

Use a friend, partner or colleague.

– Grab a coffee, bring a laptop and get your friend typing. Talk about your most recent  jobs, let them ask you questions about what you do for work, how you get it done,  what’s difficult, what’s easy, what’s value adding, what are you proud of.

Cheat-sheet – simple shortcuts that work.

– Know someone who just got a new job? Ask them for a copy of their CV.

– Download your LinkedIn profile and rewrite it into a CV.

– Online CV writing – search for ‘CV builder’ or ‘Resume builder’ – there are some great  tools available.


The key principles to creating an effective CV are;

– Easy to navigate and read – make sure it’s well structured with plenty of white space.

– Clear, concise and succinct – relevance and brevity trumps too much detail.

– Offer context whilst highlighting your contributions - make every line count.


What to Include.

Make sure your name and contact details are clearly visible at the top of the 1st page.

– Name, phone number, email address, LinkedIn profile, video chat account - make sure  it’s an inbox/phone number you regularly check.

– Location/Address is optional.

What to Exclude.

As an inclusive company that supports diversity, we don’t believe that any of the following  personal details impact your ability to do a great job, so there’s no need to include;

– Date of birth, gender, marital status, children, religion, illnesses, disabilities, memberships  of political organisations, hobbies, reasons for leaving jobs and salary expectations.


Summaries can be a great way to highlight the things you want to express, but might not be able to convey in other parts of your CV.

Here are some examples of areas you may wish to summarise but we suggest only using one summary in your CV.

– Summarising your experience and professional achievements can be powerful – just make sure the content is tailored to the role you’re applying for.

– Articulating your career objective is useful if transitioning from a different environment

- highlight transferable skills and aptitudes, and outline how you’d use these to problem solve.

– A personal summary can be a good way of highlighting your interests and personality. If you feel this is the right option for you make it relevant, make it punchy and avoid platitudes.


Your employment history should be outlined in chronological  order, starting with your most recent role, working back in time.

Make sure to keep it clear and easy to read – include;

– Company name, role title(s), time period

– A brief role-summary can be helpful - ‘in this role I was responsible for ensuring

customer satisfaction by…’

– Focus on outlining achievements instead of responsibilities (if you’ve just started out this can be a bit tricky, feel free to refer to your responsibilities)

– When outlining your achievements, highlight how you have contributed, and where  possible quantify your achievements.

– Say: ‘Delivered project outcomes 1 month ahead of schedule, and at 80% of allocated budget as a result of thorough project planning’

– Don’t say: ‘Met project deadlines’

– Academic achievements and education – this is best suited towards the end of your CV

– Life achievements like sporting, community, charitable work are great to highlight

 –but best placed toward the end of your CV

– Hobbies and personal interests – unless highly relevant for the role make sure to keep at the end of your CV


Q: How long should my CV be?

A: A CV can be 3-4 pages long depending on your level of experience, shorten it by clustering similar roles, or early career experience into an abbreviated summary.

Q: How many years of career history should I include/list?

A: Depending on your level of experience this will vary – however if you have been in the workforce for a longer period of time, the last 10 years will be more than plenty.

Q: I’ve been contracting a lot and have had many different jobs and employers – what do I do?

A: If your contracting engagements have been of a similar nature, distil into a summary and outline your various contracts/employers.

Q: What’s the difference between a CV and a Resume?

A: The major difference is length - a Résumé is a shortened, high level summary of a Curriculum Vitae (CV), it’s typically no longer than one page, a CV can comfortably stretch over 3-4 pages. The two terms have become interchangeable in Australia – but it is nonetheless a CV that is the commonly used format here.

Q: Do I need a Cover Letter?

A: Some Hiring Managers may request one – and it’s a good way for you to show how your skill set is relevant for a role.


Your old Position Descriptions; you saved them for a reason –this is it!

Your inbox; our lives are busy, our memories short - browse your inbox folders to recall all the amazing work you’ve done.

Look through notes, emails and development conversation material.


Whilst there certainly is a place for great visual and creative  communications, your CV isn’t necessarily the one.

This is because of accessibility, and the way application systems tend to reproduce  your CV in ‘text only’ version. This means that your beautifully designed document may  become illegible. If you want to display other skills like programming, development,  visual storytelling or general creative flair we suggest you offer a ‘portfolio’ hyperlink or  similar in the CV, or shared separately with the recruiter.

– Keep your CV limited to words

– Avoid using any photos, pictures or gimmicks, use white paper

– Be aware of what your document is saved as – keep it simple such as



– Spelling and grammar – always spell check and proof read.

– Don’t use abbreviations or jargon.

– Use bullet points with succinct and concise sentences.

– Provide up to date and professional contact details.

– Include only relevant education and training.

– Order the CV in reverse chronological order with your most recent experience appearing first.

– Ensure it is well laid out, leaving plenty of white space on each page to make it easy to read.

– Focus on your achievements – use specific examples i.e. ‘reduced costs by 10% in 12 months’.

– Only include referees who have agreed to provide a reference for you, speak with them about it before you provide their details.


What has been done well in the example CV included with this guide?

– No use of pictures, photos or gimmicks.

– Professional email address provided.

– Concise summary of key skills and experience relevant to the role.

– Several key achievements listed.

– No use of abbreviations or jargon.

See Sample CV here : Sample CV 

Source : Westpac 


Also check out : The Difference between CV and Resume

Next : Job : Graduate Engineer - Vodafone PNG

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